Application of Creative Thinking Method in Solving Urban Environment Waste Management as a Social Problem

Main Article Content

Agnesa Saracini
Sofija Sidorenko


This master thesis contains a detailed research on a specific social problem-the poor waste management and consequently the extreme pollution of urban environment. By targeting a specific region, the municipality of Karposh with its citizens, and through the use of all 5 phases of "Design with social impact" methodology, we were able to come up with promising ideas and solutions for this problem.

The first phase set the baseline for a general review of the magnitude of the social problem and evaluated citizens' opinions regarding the issue. This stage aimed to achieve initial understanding of the problem, empathizing with the citizens in order to look at the problem from their aspect through in-depth exploration of different aspects using several creative techniques. In the second phase, the analysis continues with a comprehensive research, the results of which were presented in the form of statistics on waste in the world and in our country, finding successful examples from other countries on the management of these issues. All the aforementioned information identified the main causes for the worrying status-quo and defined the exact goal of the thesis. Furthermore, the third phase generated several concept ideas as possible solutions to the given problem. The final concept, chosen for realization, was the idea of a web portal aimed at educating and informing the citizens in order to raise awareness of the necessity of a more serious approach towards waste management issues in urban areas. As a result, a web portal prototype was developed in the fourth phase in accordance with the set goals and requirements based on the information gathered in the previous stages. The portal was available online and it was reviewed by many concerned citizens who provided comments and suggestions for its improvement. Currently, the fifth phase is in the process of realization.


Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics Artifact

Article Details

How to Cite
Saracini, A., & Sidorenko, S. (2019). Application of Creative Thinking Method in Solving Urban Environment Waste Management as a Social Problem. South East European Journal of Architecture and Design (SEEJAD), 2019, 102.
MSc theses


Robert A Curedale "Design thinking process & methods 4th edition" December 2017.Published by Design Community College Inc. Los Angeles

Thomas Lockwood "Design Thinking: Integrating Innovation, Customer Experience, and Brand Value"February 2010 published by Allworth Press Design Management Institute

Gretchen Anderson''Designing for Social Impact.'' June 2015 Publisher: O'Reilly Media, Inc.

Alex Nicholls (Herausgeber), Julie Simon (Herausgeber), Madeleine Gabriel (Herausgeber), Christopher Whelan (Herausgeber) ''New Frontiers in Social Innovation Research'' September 2015 First published by Palgrave Macmillan DOI:

Ezio Mazini "Design, When Everybody Designs: An Introduction to Design for Social Innovation " February 2015 The MIT Press Cambridge ,Massachusetts London ,England pp 55-74.

Cristina M. Pulido, Gisela Redondo-Sama ,Teresa Sorde'-Martć±' ,Ramon Flecha''Social impact in social media: A new method to evaluate the social impact of research''August 2018 Pulido et al. Plos one DOI:

Tim Brown "Change by design'' Sep 29, 2009/Publisher HarperColins

Nilsson, C. and í. L. Aradóttir "Ecological and social aspects of ecological restoration: new challenges and opportunities for northern regions" 2013 Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. DOI:

Tzoulas K, Korpela K, Venn S, Ylipelkonen V, Kazmieczak A, Niemelä J, James P. "Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using green infrastructure. Landscape and Urban Planning". 2007;81:167-178. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.02.001 ,pp 09-20 DOI:

Angelstam P, Andersson K, Annerstedt M, Axelsson R, Elbakidze M, Garrido P, Grahn P, Jí¶nsson KI, Pedersen S, Schlyter P, Skärbäck E, Smith M, Stjernquist I. "Solving Problems in Social-Ecological Systems: Definition, Practice and Barriers of Transdisciplinary Research" . 2013 Mar; 42(2): 254-265. DOI:

Lisa V. Bardwell "Problem-Framing: A perspective on environmental problem-solving" September 1991, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 603-612 DOI:

Roland Geyer · Jenna Jambeck · Kara Lavender Law "Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made" July 2017. 1700782 SM Research Article. American Association for the Advancement od Science. Pp 01-05 DOI:

CHOI, HYE JUNG "The Environmental Effectiveness of Solid Waste Management" A Case Study of Oslo, Norway ,Master thesis in Culture, Environment and Sustainability Centre for Development and Environment UNIVERSITY OF OSLO Spring, 2016. pp 37-44

Armstrong, L., Bailey, J., Julier, G. and Kimbell, L., 2014. Social design futures: HEI research and the AHRC. University of Brighton, 2(1-4), 17-27.

Woodcraft, S., Hackett, T. and Caistor-Arendar, L. " Design for social sustainability: A framework for creating thriving new communities." Published by Social Life 2012, pp 14-20.

Cooper-Hewitt "Design and Social Impact: A cross-sectional agenda for design education, research, and practice" 2013.The Smithsonian's Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, in conjunction with the National Endowment for the Arts and The Lemelson Foundation, 3(1-2),32-34.

Bergvall-Kí¥reborn, B. and Stí¥hlbrost, A.," Participatory design: one step back or two steps forward?" 2008, October.. In Proceedings of the tenth anniversary conference on participatory design 2008 (pp. 102-111). Indiana University, 3(1), 2-3.

Mulgan, G., Tucker, S., Ali, R. and Sanders, B.,. "Social innovation: what it is, why it matters and how it can be accelerated" 2007. Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, 3(1),8-9.

Славе РиÑтоманов ,Развој на веб платформа за промовирање на методологијата дизајн Ñо општеÑтвено влијание ,,2019 МашинÑки Факултет Скопје ÑÑ‚Ñ€ 26-65

Bob Gill "Graphic design as second language'' 2003 The Images Publishing Group Pty Ltd p. 7

Jeanne Liedtka ''Design Thinking for the Greater Good: Innovation in the Social Sector '' 15 August 2017 Columbia University Press, New York Chichester , West Sussex DOI:

Salah M. El-Haggar "Sustainable Industrial Design and Waste Management Cradle-to-cradle for Sustainable Development" 2007 Elsevier Academic Press DOI:

Jones, John Christopher, Design Methods: seeds of human futures, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., London, 1970; 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 1992

Ed Gardner ''It's time to experiment with social impact '' 2019 Design Council

Rhoda Sell " Design Thinking : A beginner's guide to the history , terminologies and methodologies" June 2018 ,

"Design Thinking: Understanding How Designers Think and Work and Design Expertise "

Translations no.5 -© 2015 Arts Education Collaborative

Rikke Dam and Teo Siang "5 Stages in the design thinking process " - Interaction Design Fundation (

Annie Kelly "Money wasted in water projects in Africa" -26 march 2009 The Guardian


Puja Mondal "Social Problems : Elements , sources and types of social problems" -Article Library (

Megan Ray Nicholis "The top 10 environmental issues should make you worry" -22 march 2019 ,Schooled by science (

Audrey Holmes "How Many Times Can That Be Recycled?" June 15, 2017 Earth911 Article


Владимир КалинÑки ,,Како Република Депонија ќе Ñе Ñправи Ñо отпадот?,, 26 Февруари , 2019 Радио Ñлободна Европа

Бранко Прља ''Рециклирање во земјата на чудата - што може да Ñе рециклира во Македонија, а што не, како и каде? ''24 Јуни 2019 Ð ÐµÑ Ð¿ÑƒÐ±Ð»Ð¸ÐºÐ°

Владимир КалинÑки "Ðеформални Ñобирачи Ñобираат над 80 наÑто од отпадот за рециклирање" Јули 17, 2018 Радио Слободна Европа

David Biddle "Recycling for Profit: The New Green Business Frontier" November December 1993 issue Harvard Bussines review

Ron Gonen "Yes, recycling is still good business - if this happens" July 30, 2015 GreenBIZ (

Ryan May -,,Creativity and Innovation in the workplace'' - Article 657 Bussines Dictionary (

Elliot Stein "The 96-year-old-painter who saved a village " 29 November 2018


Stanford design institute -

Core77 Design Awards 2018

' 7 Design Projects Making Serious Social Impact'Ivy -bussines management platform for designers

First for Sustainability -

Environmental Protection Agency


The swedush recycling revolution -Dominic Hinde 19 July 2019

Precious Plastic Movement

Keep America Beautiful

Madiba and Nature


"Македонија преработува Ñамо 10% од отпадот кој го Ñоздава " - април 2016, Капитал