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The main goal in this master thesis is to find efficient ways for providing multi-functionality and space optimization of products by exploring and applying modern bionic and design principles. The specific design issue that needed to be addressed was – design of a multifunctional mountain hiking backpack that allows optimal use of space and maximal comfort when being used. An ideal solution to this stated problem was accomplished by following several phases in the process: study of available literature in the areas of multifunctionality, adaptability and product optimization; analysis of bionic phenomena which were the basic inspiration for creating a modular and compact design; detailed analysis of ergonomic aspects and anthropometric measures; analysis of the target group and the market; analysis of materials; development of design solutions and selection of the most suitable concept according to its strongest fulfilment of the given design requirements; elaboration of the final concept and its evaluation.
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