An Innovative Approach to Solving the Ergonomic Problem: Products' Size Adjustment

Main Article Content

Ana Velkova

Abstract

The use of ergonomic principles is imperative for the design of each contemporary product and its success on the market.  Despite the common association of ergonomics with comfort, especially with products related to sitting, this master thesis has its focus on products with adjustable sizes, setting a main goal to make this product durable and adaptable to various physical differences between the users (children at different ages).


In this thesis, the use of bionic methods and principles provide innovative insight and solution to the main issue at hand, adapting the seat to different sizes with application of layers of material. In shaping the layers of material, a fractal design is used, an algorithm method that creates a mathematical dependence in solving the specific problem of different sizes. In this case it solves the correlation between the sizes of layers of the material.


The results of these interdisciplinary researches are implemented and evaluated through a design of a child bike seat, by which they are turned into an ecological, recyclable and modern product.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Velkova A. An Innovative Approach to Solving the Ergonomic Problem: Products’ Size Adjustment. SEE J Archit Des [Internet]. 2018 May 11 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];2018:105. Available from: https://seejad.eu/index.php/seejad/article/view/seejad.2018.10035
Section
MSc theses

References

Carlos A. M. Versos, Denis A. Coelho, (2011) A Bi-Directional Method for Bionic Design with Examples, Universidade da Beira Interior, Portugal

Jamshid Emami, Mahshid Tashakori and Zahra Tashakorina (2008), Bionic Design in Industrial Desing, Education at University of Tehran, Iran

Neurohr R., Dragomirescu C., Bionics in Engineering - Defining new Goals in Engineering, University of Bucharest, Romania

Carlos A. M. Versos, Denis A. Coelho, (2011) Biologically Inspired Design: Methods and Validation, Universidade da Beira Interior, Portugal DOI: https://doi.org/10.5772/20326

Jamal Omari Wilson, (2008) A systematic approach to bio-inspired conceptual design, Dissertation at Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

Arthur E. Stamps, (2002) Fractals, skylines, nature and beauty, Institute of Environmental Quality, San Francisco, USA DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(02)00054-3

Paul H. Carr, (2004) Does God play dice? Insights from the fractal geometry of nature, Zygon, vol 39, no.4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9744.2004.00629.x

L.P.A. Steenbekkers, (1993) Child development, design implications and accident prevention, Delft University press, Delft

H. Witte, C. Schilling, Biological tissues and technical textiles:Analogies and applications via biomechatronics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Germany

Mehdi Sadri, Mehdi Kavandi, Alireza Jozepiri, Sharareh Teimouri and Fatemeh Abbasi, (2014) Bionic Architecture, Forms and Constructions, Research Journal of Recent Sciences ,Vol. 3(3), 93-98

Michael H. Dickinson, (1999) Bionics: Biological insight into mechanical design, Department of Organismal Biology, University of California, Berkeley, PNAS vol. 96, no. 25

Vogel, S. (1988) Life's Devices, The Physical World of Plants and Animals (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9780691209494

Camila Freitas Salgueiredo, (2013) Modeling biological inspiration for innovative design, i3 Conference, University of Evry Val d'Essonne, France

Colombo, B. (2008) Bionics Design as an Innovation Tool in the Product Design. World Universities Forum, Davos.Switzerland

Kepler, J.A., Stokholm, M., (2004) Bionic Design Methods - A practical approach. International conference on advanced Engineering design, Glasgow, Scotland

Paul van Geffen, Jasper Reenalda, Peter H. Veltink, Bart F.J.M. Koopman (2009), Decoupled pelvis adjustment to induce lumbar motion: A technique that controls low back load in sitting, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 40 (2010) 47–54 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2009.08.015

Haworth, (2004) The Ergonomic Seating Guide Handbook

Rani Lueder, (2003) Rethinking sitting, ErgoSolutions, Humanics Ergonomics

Mary Gale, An Opinion On The Theory Of Ergonomic Task Seating vs. The Facts

Natalia Camprubí­, Fernando Rueda, Iván Alonso, (2008) Evaluation of Foam Seats Using Realistic Simulation, Advanced Design & Analysis Division, Centro Tecnológico Grupo CopoComfort

Don B. Chaffin, (2007) Human Motion Simulation for Vehicle and Workplace Design, Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Vol. 17 (5) 475–484 Michigan, USA DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hfm.20087

P.K. Nag, S. Pal, S.M. Kotadiya, A. Nag, K. Gosai, (2008) Human–seat interface analysis of upper and lower body weight distribution, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 38 539–545 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2007.10.024

Norris, B. J. and Wilson, J. R., (1995), CHILDATA: The Handbook of Child Measurements and Capabilities – Data for Design Safety, Department of Trade and Industry, London, UK.

Jerom Usher, Gregory: (1997) Child's balance seat, US patent, Australia

Lindbloom Betina (2014) Arrangement for adjusting the length of a carrying section of a child carrier, BabyIdea OY, Helsinki, Finland

R. Tilley Alvin, Dreyfuss Henry The Measure of Man and Woman: Human Factors in Design 1st edition, Associates

Wiley John & Sons Inc., edit by Salvendy Gavriel, (2012) Handbook of human factors and ergonomic, Fourth edition, Hoboken, New Jersey

КориÑтени веб – Ñтраници:

http://www.elastoproxy.com/en/blog/foam-rubber-vs-sponge-rubber-whats-difference/

http://www.igmarston.com/rubber-product-materials.html

http://www.industrialpolymers.com/products/flexible-molding-foam

http://www.fastcodesign.com/1671543/an-ingenious-kids-seat-that-encourages-interaction

http://www.dupont.com/products-and-services/plastics-polymers-resins/thermoplastics/case-studies/flexible-plastic-in-seating.html

http://www.h220430.jp/h220430_eva-chair-for-kids.html

http://math.rice.edu/~lanius/frac/

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Fractal.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fractal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLgaoorsi9U

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/439171401136596595/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-3pBuvfJseg

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/214695107214427003/

http://education.nationalgeographic.com/encyclopedia/bioluminescence/

https://askabiologist.asu.edu/glow-dark-plankton

http://www.theverge.com/2015/7/27/9045873/glowing-beach-bioluminescent-plankton

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luminous_paint